Nature Notes - The Mallorca Pages

Liliaceae
 

Asphodelus aestivus
Face-on flower c 3 cm across at widest

Asphodelus aestivus
= Common Asphodel
  Asphodelus fistulosus
Flower c 2.4 cm across at widest

Asphodelus fistulosus
= Hollow-leaved Asphodel

Both asphodels were very common on roadsides, and A aestivus also in fields.  It is a tall plant, often over 1 m high, while A fistulosus is much shorter, around 25-50 cm, but still a lot taller than our own Bog Asphodel.
 

 Muscari comosum
Top bit c 35 mm across at widest

Muscari comosum
= Tassel Hyacinth
  Muscari comosum
c 22 mm across at top

Muscari comosum
= Tassel Hyacinth
  Muscari neglectum
Inflorescence c 14 mm across at widest

Muscari neglectum
= Grape Hyacinth

Both Muscari species were seen quite frequently on roadsides and rocky banks.  The top flowers are sterile ones, and I think in the case of M comosum the dark ones below them are unopened buds of either the sterile or fertile flowers or both.  The fertile flowers of M comosum are the brownish downturned ones, and those of M neglectum are the tightly bunched blue-black ones with white rims.
 

 
Asparagus albus
Length of picture c 5 cm

Asparagus albus
  Asparagus acutifolius
Height of picture c 2.6 cm

Asparagus acutifolius
  Asparagus stipularis
Spines are about 3 cm

Asparagus stipularis

Mallorca's three Asparagus species were all common in woods and scrub, among rocks and by roadsides.  The local people collect the young shoots for eating and were doing this while I was there.  A stipularis flowers in April and the buds can be seen in the picture, but the others flower in late summer.
 

 
Ruscus aculeatus

Ruscus aculeatus = Butcher's Broom
  Ruscus aculeatus

Ruscus aculeatus = Butcher's Broom
  Smilax aspera

Smilax aspera = Sarsaparilla

Butcher's Broom was found occasionally as part of the woodland understory.  Sarsaparilla was everywhere, a vigorous climber, particularly in woods, often making the going difficult as it crossed your path at various heights and angles.
 

Allium roseum
Umbel = 4.1 cm across at widest

Allium roseum = Rosy Garlic
  Allium triquetrum
c 2.4 cm from tip of plant to end of lowest flower

Allium triquetrum = Three-cornered Garlic

Mallorca has a large number of Allium species but I only saw these two.  Rosy Garlic was seen about 3 times on walls or road verges.  Three-cornered Garlic was extremely common on road verges, walls and stream banks.

Apr-May 2005 Liliaceae